Health diseases occur due to lifestyle choices such as not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight. In addition, being physically active – can help counter some of the most prevalent chronic diseases and some sorts of cancer.
Regular health screenings can catch chronic conditions and cancers early when therapy is more apt to be victorious. In addition, infectious diseases can usually be prevented through various measures, including vaccines and proper handwashing.
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- Cancer: About two in five persons will have cancer during their lifetime. Screenings can identify specific types of cancer, including cervical cancer, breast cancer, and colorectal cancer.
- Chronic Conditions: Chronic diseases include stroke, diabetes, asthma, heart disease, and arthritis. These diseases can be often prevented or controlled, keeping risk factors, including high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and elevated blood sugar levels, under control.
- Infectious Diseases: Communicable disorders are caused by germs transmitted through animals, surfaces, people, foods and air. Influenza is a highly contagious viral respiratory ailment. Flu can induce worsening of chronic medical disorders like heart disease, asthma and diabetes. Therefore, a flu shot is recommended every year, especially for people who are at high risk for flu complications, to help prevent the spread of the flu.
Other vaccine-preventable diseases include measles, mumps, polio, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, chickenpox, hepatitis A and B.
- HIV: HIV is the virus causing AIDS. It hits a person’s immune system, diminishing the body’s ability to combat infections. Efforts to halt the expansion of the virus, counselling and examining individuals at high risk, and minding people living with the disease is crucial in reducing HIV and AIDS.
- Zoonotic Diseases: These are ailments transmitted from animals to humans. For example, West Nile Virus is spread through mosquito bites. Tick bites are cause many diseases like Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, tularemia, Q Fever. Rabies is extended by a bite from an infected mammal, most often a bat. Taking precautions to avoid mosquito bites and ticks is the best way to prevent zoonotic diseases.
- Foodborne Illnesses: It can be prevented through safe food handling practices, including proper handwashing, cooking foods to suggested temperatures and stocking leftovers properly.
- Tuberculosis: It is circulated through the air from person to person, generally through close day-to-day contact with a person with TB, such as a family member, friend or close co-worker. TB can be treated and cured if prompt medical attention is received.
- Heart Attack: A heart attack usually causes chest discomfort and pain for more than 15 minutes. The pain may be moderate to severe. Some heart attacks hit suddenly, but several people have alarm signs hours or days in advance. Someone begetting a heart attack may hold any or all of the following:
- Chest pain, a squeezing or aching sensation, pressure or tightness in the middle of the chest
- Pain or discomfort spreading to the shoulder, arm, jaw, teeth, back, neck, or occasionally upper abdomen
- Nausea, heartburn, indigestion, or abdominal pain
- Shortness of breath
- Lightheadedness, dizziness, fainting
Chest pain is not always severe or even the most noticeable symptom. Instead, women tend to have more vague symptoms, such as nausea or back or jaw pain, which may be more intense than chest pain.