High Blood Pressure: Symptoms & Causes Overview

High blood pressure is ascertained both by the volume of blood your heart pumps and the quantity of resistance to blood flow in the arteries. The more increased blood your heart pumps and the more restricted your arteries, the higher the blood pressure. A blood pressure interpretation is given in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). It has two figures.

  • Upper number (systolic pressure): The first, or upper, number measures the tension in the arteries when the heartbeats.
  • Bottom number (diastolic pressure): The lower number holds the stress in your arteries between beats.

Symptoms

Some people with high blood pressure may have headaches, nosebleeds, or shortness of breath, but these signs and symptoms aren’t specific and usually don’t occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening stage. Ask the family doctor for a blood pressure recording at least every two years, beginning at age 18. Blood pressure usually should be examined in both arms to determine if there’s a variation. It’s necessary to use an appropriate-sized arm cuff. There are two kinds of high blood pressure.

  • Primary hypertension: For most grown-ups, there’s no identifiable reason for high blood pressure. This kind of high blood pressure, termed primary hypertension, leads to heart ailments gradually over several years.
  • Secondary hypertension: Few people have high blood pressure induced by an underlying disease. This sort of high blood pressure is called secondary hypertension. Various states and medications can affect secondary hypertension, like:
  • Thyroid problems
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Kidney disease
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Certain defects a person is born with (congenital) in blood vessels
  • Cold remedies, Decongestants, Birth control pills, pain relievers, and prescription drugs
  • Illegal drugs, like cocaine and amphetamines

Risk factors

  1. Age. The uncertainty of high blood pressure boosts as you age. Continuously about age 64, high blood pressure is exceeding common in men.
  2. Race. High blood pressure is extensively found among people of African heritage, often happening at more prime-age than it acts in whites.
  3. Family history. High blood pressure leads to run-in families.
  4. Being obese. The heavier you weigh, the higher blood you need to supply oxygen and nutrients to your tissues. As the volume of blood flow through the blood vessels raises, so does the pressure on the artery walls.
  5. Not being physically active. Inactive people manage to have higher heart rates.
  6. Using tobacco. It can let your arteries narrow and increase your risk of heart disease.
  7. Too much salt. More sodium in your diet can cause your body to maintain fluid, which raises blood pressure.
  8. Less potassium in the diet. Potassium assists in balancing the amount of sodium in your cells. A precise balance of potassium is significant for good heart health.
  9. Drinking alcohol. Over time, heavy drinking can weaken your heart. Drinking higher than one glass a day for women and more than two glasses a day for men may alter your blood pressure.
  10. Stress. Stress-related habits like using tobacco, eating more, or drinking alcohol can further increase blood pressure.
  11. Certain chronic conditions. They may increase your risk of high blood pressure, including kidney disease, diabetes, and sleep apnea. 

Complications

  1. Heart attack or stroke
  2. Aneurysm
  3. Heart failure
  4. Narrowed & weakened blood vessels in your kidneys
  5. Thickened, restricted, or torn blood vessels in the eyes
  6. Metabolic syndrome
  7. The trouble with memory or understanding
  8. Dementia

Conclusion

You can possess high blood pressure for years without a symptom. However, uncontrolled high blood pressure raises your risk of critical health problems, including heart stroke and attack. Fortunately, high blood pressure can be indeed detected. And once you recognize you have high blood pressure, you can manage with your doctor to check it.

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